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台籍干部在中国发展成功的关键因素之探讨

【中文摘要】:自1979年改革开放后,中国经济历经鉅幅成长,时至34多年后的今天, 仍能保有7.5%的GDP成长率. 在此同时,自1996年以后(除少数年度), 台湾经济则呈现缓慢成长甚至倒退的现象。伴随着两岸经济关係越发紧密 (2005年同时加入WTO,2008年 底开放直航,2010年签订「海峡两岸经济合作架构协议」),吸引了越来越多的人才,投身中国职场。然而,并非人人都发展成功。
先前研究多着重于研究跨国公司的外派员工,而本文则透过研究自行前往的工作者,检视发展成功的关键因素。研究範围从出发动机,赴职前的準备,到职后的跨文化适应、及家庭因素的影响,而造成持续在中国发展的关键为何。
将访谈资料分析与探讨之后,本研究的六项命题摘要如下:
命题一:认知到台湾发展的停滞以及中国市场的发展迅速,此动机对于台干在中国发展成功有显着的影响。
命题二:了解中国的环境、生活以及工作状态,有良好的心理建设,对于在中国发展有显着的影响。
命题三:前往中国的首家企业选择,对于在中国发展并无显着的影响。
命题四:积极主动或有海外经验加强适应文化落差带来的冲击,显着影响在中国发展的成功。
命题五:企业属性对于发展成功关键,并无显着的影响。
命题六:家庭因素对于中国发展成功,有着极为显着的关键影响。
【英文摘要】:Since the Chinese Economic reforms started in 1979, China has experienced tremendous growth and still maintains a 7.5% GDP growth rate after 34 years. Meanwhile, since 1996 (except for few years), Taiwan’s economy growth has slowed down and sometimes even fell to negative territories. Accompanied by the two economies getting closer (Both joining WTO in 2005, direct flights/ships in 2008, signing ECFA in 2012), more and more people chose to work in China. Most related studies focus on the corporate expatriates, but this study is focus on self-initiated expatriates leaving their homeland and working in China. However, not everyone is successful.
Previous researches mostly focused on the expatriates sent by multinational corporations. This research intends to focus on Taiwanese self-initiated expatriates to examine the Key Success Factors (KSF). The research scope ranges from the motivation and pre-job preparations to cultural adaptation, and family factors. And, what makes them decide to stay.
To achieve the goals of the research, in-depth interviews were conducted to collect data. After qualitative analysis on such data, we have concluded the following:
1.“Recognizing the relative economic growth rates of Taiwan and China” has a significant influence on the success of the expatriates.
2.“Recognizing the Chinese living and work environments and getting mentally prepared” have significant influences on the on the success of the expatriates.
3.“The first company to work for to China” has no significant influence on the success of the expatriates.
4.“Proactively adapting to cultural differences and having prior overseas work experience” has significant influences on the success of the expatriates.
5.“The nature of the business he/she works for” has no significant influence on the success of the expatriates.
6.“Family factors” have significant influences on the success of the expatriates.
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  • 来源:中山大学;作者:余家铭
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