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高科技产业员工主动性人格特质、工作热情与职涯满意之相关研究-以知觉组织支持为调节变项

【中文摘要】:二十一世纪是科技发展的新纪元,随着全球市场竞争日益剧增,世界各国致力于发展高科技产业,以取得全球的竞争优势,而台湾地区也不例外。自1980年代新竹科学园区成立后,吸引更多厂商投资,而在1990年代中期,台湾IC产业开始在全球高科技经济网络中占有相当重要地位,尤其在2000年初,台湾高科技产业成长迅速快速而跻身于全球化经济体系之中。所以,高科技产业的兴衰攸关着台湾产业竞争力、经济成长、以及未来台湾经济发展能否更上一层楼的关键。
本研究以高科技产业员工为研究对象,以职涯满意为思考点,员工的主动性人格特质、工作热情之情形,来作为与职涯满意之间关联性的研究,并就此分析以了解彼此之间的关係,另外,亦关注组织对于高科技产业员工工作热情的支持,是否会对员工在工作热情与职涯满意之间的关係产生影响。
本研究採问卷调查法,以高科技产业员工为研究对象,共发出217份问卷,有效回收问卷205份,回收率为94.5%。所得资料以验证性因素分析(CFA)、信度分析、描述性统计、独立样本t检定、单因子变异数分析(One-way ANOVA)、相关分析及複迴归分析等方法进行统计分析,本研究获得结论如下:
一、高科技产业员工之「主动性人格特质」对「工作热情」具显着性正向影响。
二、高科技产业员工之「工作热情」对「职涯满意」具部分显着性正向影响。
三、高科技产业员工之「主动性人格特质」对「职涯满意」具显着性正向影响。
四、高科技产业员工之「主动性人格特质」在「工作热情」与「职涯满意」间具有部份显着之中介效果。
五、高科技产业员工之「知觉组织支持」对「工作热情」与「职涯满意」并无显着调节效果。
最后,依据研究结果,本研究提出结论与建议供后续研究参考。
【英文摘要】:The 21st century is a new era of technological development, along with an increasingly competitive global market surge, the world committed to the development of high-tech industries, in order to achieve global competitive advantage. Since the 1980s, the Hsinchu Science Park was established to attract more manufacturers to invest, in the beginning of 2000, Taiwan''s high-tech industry was growing rapidly and quickly among the among the globalized economy.High-tech manufacturing industries face shorter product lift cycle increasingly.Application of new technology is also changeable.The excellent technicians of high-tech industry are the key indicators of competitive advantange.To investigate how employees can effectively stimulate the maximum benefit of the organization and other related issues, the overall value of a pivotal development in high-tech industries.
This study adopted the Proactive Personality of high-tech industry employees as the independent variable, Career Satisfaction as dependent variables, Work Passion as mediator variables. The high-tech industry employees perceived organization support was a moderator between the mediator and dependent variable to examine the moderating effect.
The questionnaire was used to collect data. The data was collected from high-tech industry employees, and 205 copies were valid. The study adopts the following statistical analysis techniques: The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the reliability analysis, the descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, the one-way ANOVA, the correlation analysis, and the multiple regression analysis. The results are summarized as follows.
1. Proactive Personality has partially significant positive effects on Work Passion.
2. Work Passion has partially significant positive effects on Career Satisfaction.
3. Proactive Personality has significant positive effects on Career Satisfaction.
4. Proactive Personality has partially significantly mediated effect between Work Passion and Career Satisfaction.
5. Perceived Organization Support has partially no significant moderating effects between Work Passion and Career Satisfaction.

According the research results, the conclusions and suggestions of the study will be provided as a reference for further study.
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  • 来源:中山大学;作者:张珈祯
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