专注论文查重修改6年+经验

跨国企业之绿色人力资本管理于中国— 资源基础论与体制理论之整合观点

【中文摘要】:当今企业绿化越受到学术与实务上关注,一个迫切且关键的问题是:跨国企业如何型塑具竞争力的绿色人力资本,进而提升组织的绿色竞争优势?本研究整合资源基础理论和体制理论,系统性分析跨国企业建立绿色人力资本的前因和后果,并提出概念性研究架构。第一,根据资源基础理论,我们主张绿色创业领导、环境策略与绿色人力资本管理可为组织带来绿色竞争优势。第二,根据体制理论,基于外在体制压力与不同的体制回应作为,跨国企业会拥有不同的绿色领导与策略执行,并需重组子公司的绿色人力资本管理。
本研究执行两阶段的质性与量化分析,结合12家跨国企业在中国之质性深度访谈,以及问卷抽样212间企业研究样本。首先提出三种不同体制回应下所形塑不同的绿色人力资本管理模型。接着透过阶层迴归分析与结构方程模型的量化分析方法,验证干扰效果并提出最终理论模型。研究发现,「绿色创业领导」会透过「绿色人力资本管理」及「绿色竞争力人才」的中介效果,正向影响「环境竞争优势」。再者,「体制回应」越积极的公司,在领导与竞争优势、策略与竞争优势、及人力资本管理与竞争力人才等三个关係间均呈现更显着的正向效果。本研究于相关理论发展和企业绿化实务作法上,提供有意义的见解与贡献。
【英文摘要】:The increased attention to multinational companies’ (MNCs’) corporate greening in both academic and practitioner realms has raised an important question of how companies build green competitive human capital, and finally enhance environmental competitive advantage. Integrating resource-based view (RBV) and institutional theory, this study offers a systematic analysis on antecedents and consequences of MNCs’ green human capital, and proposes a conceptual research framework. Firstly, RBV asserts that green leadership and greening human capital management (HCM) can result in an environmental competitive advantage. Secondly, according to institutional theory, MNCs have different institutional response to realign subsidiary’s green leadership, environmental strategy, and greening HCM responding to host country’s institutional context.
Combining the results of preliminary qualitative (12 MNCs’ deep interview) and empirical quantitative (212 MNCs’ sampling) methods, this study firstly proposes three different models of institution response and green human capital. Then we use Hierarchical Regression and Structural Equation Modeling to test the moderating effect and conceptual framework, and propose final model. The results show that “greening HCM” and “green competitive human capital” have mediating effects on the relationship between “green entrepreneurial leadership” and “environmental competitive advantage”. Furthermore, Institutional response positively moderates the relationship between “leadership and competitive advantage”, “strategy and competitive advantage” and “HCM and competitive human capital”. These relationships are more positive for firms with higher (more active) institutional response. This research gives some implications and suggestions for theoretical development and corporate greening.
【参考文献】:

  • Sherer, P. D. (1995). Leveraging human assets in law firms: Human capital structures and organizational capabilities. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 48, 671-691.
  • Shrivastava, P. (1994). Castrated environment: Greening organizational studies. Organization Studies, 15, 705-726.
  • Shrivastava, P. (1995). The role of corporations in achieving ecological sustainability. Academy of Management Review, 20(4), 936-960.
  • Shrivastava, P. (1996). Going Greening: Profiting the Corporation and the Environment. Ohio: Thomson Executive Press.
  • Skaggs, B. C., & Youndt, M. (2004). Strategic positioning, human capital, and performance in service organizations: a customer interaction approach. Strategic Management Journal, 25(1), 85-99.
  • Sharma, S., & Henriques, I. (2004). Stakeholder influences on sustainability practices in the Canadian forest products industry. Strategic Management Journal, 26(2), 159-180.
  • Sharma, S. & Vredenburg, H. (1998). Proactive Corporate Environmental Strategy and the Development of Competitively Valuable Organizational Capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 19(8), 729–753.
  • Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217-226.
  • Scott, W. R. (1995). Institutions and Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Schultz, T. W. (1961). Investment in human capital. American Economic Review, 51(March), 1-17.
  • Schmidheiny, S. (1992). Changing Course. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  • Sarkis, J., Gonzalez-Torre, P., & Adenso-Diaz, B. (2010). Stakeholder pressure and the adoption of environmental practices: the mediating effect of training. Journal of Operations Management, 28(2), 163-176.
  • Sarkis, J., & Cordeiro, J. (2001). An empirical evaluation of environmental efficiencies and firm performance: pollution prevention versus end-of-pipe practice. European Journal of Operational Research, 135(1), 102-113.
  • Sarkis, J. (1995). Manufacturing strategy and environmental consciousness. Technovation, 15(2), 79-97.
  • Russo, M. V., & Fouts, P. A. (1997). A resource-based perspective on corporate environmental performance and profitability. Academy of Management Journal, 40(3), 534-559.
  • Rosen, C. M. (2001). Environmental strategy and competitive advantage: an introduction. California Management Review, 43(3), 8-15.
  • Roome, N., & Wijen, F. (2006). Stakeholder power and organizational learning in corporate environmental management. Organization Studies, 27(2), 235-263.
  • Porter, M. E., & van der Linde, C. (1995). Green and competitive: ending the stalemate. Harvard Business Review, September-October, 121-134.
  • Porter, M. E. (1991). America’s green strategy. Scientific American, 264(4), 96.
  • Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York: The Free Press.
  • Podsakoff, P. M., & Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12(3), 531-544.
  • Ployhart, R. E., Iddekinge, C. H., & MacKenzie, W. I. (2011). Acquiring and developing human capital in service contexts: The interconnectedness of human capital resources. Academy of Management Journal, 54(2), 353-367.
  • Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. R. (1978). The External Control of Organizations. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Pfeffer, J. (1994). Competitive Advantage through People: Unleashing the Power of the Work Force. Boston, Mass: HBS Press.
  • Pennings, J. M. (1980). Interlocking Directorates. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
  • Peng, M. W. (2003). Institutional transitions and strategic choices. Academy of Management Review, 28(2), 275-296.
  • Peattie, K. (1992). Green Marketing. London: Pitman.
  • Parrish, B.D., & Tilley, F., (2009). Sustainability entrepreneurship: charting a field in emergence. In: Schaper, M. (Ed.), Making Ecopreneurs: Developing Sustainable Entrepreneurship. Gower, Aldershot, UK.
  • Parrish, B. D. (2007). Designing the Sustainable Enterprise. Futures, 39(7), 846-860.
  • Parrish, B. D. & Foxon, T. J. (2009). Sustainability entrepreneurship and equitable transitions to a low-carbon economy. Greener Management International, 55, 47-62.
  • Orsato, R. J. (2006). Competitive Environmental Strategies: when does it pay to be green? California Management Review, 48(2), 127-143.
  • Oliver, C. (1997). Sustainable competitive advantage: combining institutional and resource-based views. Strategic Management Journal, 18(9), 697-713.
  • Oliver, C. (1991). Strategic processes to institutional processes. Academy of Management Review, 16(1), 145-179.
  • Nordhaus, W. (2007). A Review of the” Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change”. Journal of Economic Literature, 45(3), 686–702.
  • Newton, T. J. (2002). Creating the view ecological order? Elias and actor-network theory. Academy of Management Review, 27(4), 523-540.
  • Nehrt, C. (1998). Maintainability of first mover advantages when environmental regulations differ between countries. Academy of Management Review, 23, 77-97.
  • Miller, D., & Friesen, P. H. (1983). Strategy-making and environment: the third link. Strategic Management Journal, 4, 221-235.
  • Miles, H., & Munilla, L. (1993). Eco-orientation: an emerging business philosophy? Journal of Marketing Theory and Practices, 1(2), 43-51.
  • Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. (1977). Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83, 340-363.
  • Metcalf, L., & Benn, S. (2013). Leadership for sustainability: an evolution of leadership ability. Journal of Business Ethics, 112, 369-384.
  • Maxwell, J., Rothenberg, S., Briscoe, F., & Marcus, A. (1997). Green schemes: corporate environmental strategies and their implementation. California Management Review, 39(3), 118-134.
  • Ling, Y. H., & Jaw, B. S. (2011). Entrepreneurial leadership, human capital management, and global competitiveness: An empirical study of Taiwanese MNCs. Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management, 2(2), 117-135.
  • Lin, C. Y., & Ho, Y. H. (2011). Determinants of green practice adoption for logistics companies in China. Journal of Business Ethics, 98, 67-83.
  • Liebeskind, J. P. (1996). Knowledge, strategy, and the theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 93-107.
  • Lerner, R. M. (1998). Theories of human development: contemporary perspectives. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & R. M. Lerner (Vol, Ed.). Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (pp. 1-24). New York: Wiley.
  • Lepak, D. P., Takeuchi, R., & Snell, S. A. (2003). Employment flexibility and firm performance: examining the interaction effects of employment mode, environmental dynamism, and technological intensity. Journal of Management, 29(5), 681-703.
  • Lepak, D. P., & Snell, S. A. (2002). Examining the human resource architecture: the relationships among human capital, employment, and human recourse configurations. Journal of Management, 28(4), 517-543.
  • Lepak, D. P., & Snell, S. A. (1999). The human resource architecture: toward a theory of human capital allocation and development. Academy of Management Review, 24(1), 31-48.
  • Lado, A. A., & Wilson, M. C. (1994). Human resource systems and sustained competitive advantage: a competency-based perspective. Academy of Management Review, 19(4), 699-727.
  • Kostova, T., & Roth, K. (2002). Adoption of an organizational practice by subsidiaries of multinational corporations: institutional and relational effects. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 215-233.
  • Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. New York: Guilford Press
  • Klassen, W. (2000). Area-Wide Approaches to Insect Pest Intervention: History and Lessons. In: Area-Wide Control of Fruit Flies and Other Insect Pests, Tan, K.H. (Ed.). Penerbit University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, pp: 21-38.
  • Klassen, R. D., & Whybark, D. C. (1999). The impact of environmental technologies on manufacturing performance. Academy of Management Journal, 42(6), 599-615.
  • Klassen, R. D., & McLaughlin, C. P. (1993). TQM and environmental excellence in manufacturing. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 93(6), 14-22.
  • Jennings, P. D., & Zandbergen, P. A. (1995). Ecologically sustainable organizations: an institutional approach. Academy of Management Review, 20(4): 1015-1052.
  • Jabbour, C. J. C., Santos, F. C. A., & Nagano, M. S. (2010). Contributions of HRM throughout the stages of environmental management: methodological triangulation applied to companies in Brazil. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(7), 1049-1089.
  • Jabbour, C. J. C. (2011). How green are HRM practices, organizational culture, learning and teamwork? A Brazilian study. Industrial and Commercial Training, 43(2), 98-105.
  • Jabbour, C. J. C. & Santos, F. C. A. (2008). Relationships between human resource dimensions and environmental management in companies: proposal of a model. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16, 51-58.
  • Ireland, R. D., Kuratko, D. F., & Covin, J. G. (2003). Antecedents, elements, and consequences of corporate entrepreneurship strategy. In D. H. Nagao (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (CD), ISSN 1543–8643.
  • Ilinitch, A. Y., Lewin, A.Y., & D”Aveni, R. A. (1998). Managing in Times of Disorder: Hypercompetitive Organizational Responses. SAGE Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • Hunt, C., & Auster, E. (1990). Proactive environmental management: avoiding the toxic trap. Sloan Management Review, 31(2), 7-18.
  • Hoffman, A. (2001). From Hersey to Dogma: an institutional history of corporate environmentalism. Stanford Business Books, Stanford, CA.
  • Henriques, I. P., & Sadorsky. (1999). The relationship between environmental commitment and managerial perceptions of stakeholder importance. Academy of Management Journal, 42(1), 87-99.
  • Hayton, J. C. (2003). Strategic human capital management in SMEs: an empirical study of entrepreneurial performance. Human Resource Management, 42(4), 375-391.
  • Hatch, N. W., & Dyer, J. H. (2004). Human capital and learning as a source of sustainable competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 25(12), 1155-1178.
  • Hart, S. L., & Milstein, M. B. (2003). Creating sustainable value. Academy of Management Executive, 17(2), 56-69.
  • Hart, S. L. (1997). Beyond greening: strategies for a sustainable world. Harvard Business Review, 75(1), 66-76.
  • Hart, S. L. (1995). A natural-resource-based view of the firm. Academy of Management Review, 20(4), 986-1014.
  • Handfield, R. B., Melnyk, S. A., Calantone, R. J., & Curkovic, S. (2001). Integration environmental concerns into the design process: the gap between theory and practice. IEEE Transactions of Engineering Management, 48(2), 189-208.
  • Hall, R. (1992). The strategic analysis of intangible resources. Strategic Management Journal, 13(2), 135-144.
  • Hair, J. F., Jr., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis with Readings (5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Gupta, M., & Sharma, K. (1996). Environmental operations management: An opportunity for improvement. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 37(3): 40-46.
  • Groenwegen, P., & Vergragt, P. (1991). Environmental issues as threats and opportunities for technological innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 3(1), 43-55.
  • Grant, R. M. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 109-122.
  • Govindarajalu, N., & Daily, B. F. (2004). Motivating Employees for Environmental Improvement. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 104(4), 364-372.
  • Glen, J., Hilson, C., & Lowitt, E. (2009). The emergence of green talent. Business Strategy Review, 20(4), 52-56.
  • Gibbs, R. B. (2009). Animal Studies that Support Estrogen Effects on Cognitive Performance and the Cholinergic Basis of the Critical Period Hypothesis, In: Hormones, Cognition and Dementia: State of the Art and Emergent Therapeutic Strategies. E. Hogervorst, V. Henderson, R.B. Gibbs, and R. Brinton, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Gerlach, A. (2002). Sustainable entrepreneurship and innovation. Centre for Sustainable Management (CSM), University of Luneburg, Luneburg, Germany.
  • Gao, M. R., Huang, Y. J., & Chang, N. R. (2008). The influence of green innovation capabilities on the organizational environmental performance. Far East Journal, 25(2), 191-202.
  • Flannery, B., & May, D. (1994). Prominent factors influencing environmental leadership: Application of a theoretical model from the waste management industry. Leadership Quarterly, 5, 201-222.
  • Fischer, D. W. (1983). Strategies toward political pressures: a typology of firm responses. Academy of Management Review, 8(1), 71-78.
  • Fernzndez, E., Junquera, B., & Ordiz, M. (2003). Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue: a review of the literature. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14(4), 634-656.
  • European Communities. (2003). European energy and transport trends to 2030. European Communities, Belgium.
  • Escobar, L. F., & Vredenburg, H. (2011). Multinational Oil Companies and the Adoption of Sustainable Development: A Resource-Based and Institutional Theory Interpretation of Adoption Heterogeneity. Journal of Business Ethics, 98, 39-65.
  • Engleberg, D. (1992). Is this the best community relations program in the country? Environment Manager, 3, 6-7.
  • Egri, C. P., & Herman, S. (2000). Leadership in the North American environmental sector: values, leadership styles, and contexts of environmental leaders and their organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 571-604.
  • Eesley, C., & Lenox, M. J. (2006). Firm responses to secondary stakeholder action. Strategic Management Journal, 27(8), 765-781.
  • Edmondson, A. C., & Nembhard, I. M. (2009). Product development and learning in project teams: The challenges are the benefits. Journal of Production Innovation Management, 26, 123-138.
  • DiMaggio, P., & Powell, W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147-160.
  • Dillon, P. S., & Fishcher, K. (1992). Environmental management in corporations: Methods and motivations. Medford, MA: Tufts University Center for Environmental Management.
  • Diestre, L., & Rajagopalan, N. (2011). An environmental perspective on diversification: the effects of chemical relatedness and regulatory sanctions. Academy of Management Journal, 54(1), 97-115.
  • Dieleman, H., & de Hoo, S. (1993). Toward a tailor-made process of pollution prevention and cleaner production: Results and implications of the PRISMA project. In J. Schot & K. Fischer (Eds.), Environmental strategies for industry: International perspectives on research needs and policy implications: 245-276. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  • Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Introduction: Entering the field of qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin N K & Y. S. Lincoln (eds), Handbook of Qualitative Research, pp. 1-17. London: Sage.
  • del Brio, J. A., Junquera, B., & Ordiz, M. (2008). Human resources in advances environmental approaches—a case analysis. International Journal of Production Research, 46(21), 6029-6053.
  • del Brio, J. A., Fernandez, E., & Junquera, B. (2007). Management and employee involvement in achieving an environmental action-based competitive advantage: an empirical study. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(4), 491-522.
  • Dechant, K., & Altman, B. (1994). Environmental leadership: from compliance to competitive advantage. Academy of Management Executive, 8(3), 7-20.
  • Davidsson, P., & Honig, B. (2003). The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 301-331.
  • Daily, B. F., & Huang, S. C. (2001). Achieving sustainability through attention to human resource factors in environmental management. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(12), 1539-1552.
  • Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (2002). The entrepreneurial imperatives of strategic leadership. In M. A. Hitt, R. D. Ireland, S. M. Camp, & D. L. Sexton (Eds.), Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating A New Mindset: 309–327. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers
  • Cordano, M., & Frieze, I. H. (2000). Pollution reduction preferences of U.S. environmental managers: applying Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 627-641.
  • Colbert, B., A. (2004). The Complex Resourced-Based View: Implications for Theory and Practice in Strategic Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 341-358
  • Christmann, P. (2000). Effects of “best practices” of environmental management on cost advantage: the role of complementary assets. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 663-680.
  • Chen, Y. S., Lai, S. B., & Wen, C. T. (2006). The Influence of Green Innovation Performance on Corporate Advantage in Taiwan. Journal of Business Ethics, 67(4), 331-339.
  • Chen, Y. S., & Chang, C. H. (2013). The determinants of green product development performance: green dynamic capabilities, green transformational leadership, and green creativity. Journal of Business Ethics, 116, 107-119.
  • Chen, Y. S. (2008). The positive effect of green intellectual capital on competitive advantages of firms. Journal of Business Ethics, 77, 271-286.
  • Carmines, E. G., & McIver, J. P. (1981). Analyzing Models with Unobserved Variables. In G.W. Bohrnstedt & E.F. Borgatta (Eds.), Social Measurement: Current Issues. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Cairncross, F. (1992). How Europe”s companies reposition to recycle. Harvard Business Review, 34-45.
  • Buysse, K., & Verbeke, A. (2003). Proactive environmental strategies: a stakeholder management perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 24(5), 453-470.
  • Burt, R. (1983). Corporate Profits and Cooptation. New York: Academic Press.
  • Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In: K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing Structural Equation Models (pp. 136-162). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Brown, M. E., Treviño, L. K., & Harrison, D. A. (2005). Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 97, 117-134.
  • Brown, L., Kane, H., & Roodman, D. (1994). Vital signs. New York: Norton.
  • Brislin, R. W. (1986). The wording and translation of research instruments. In Lonner, W.J. & Berry, J.W. (Eds.), Field Methods in Cross-Cultural Research (pp. 137-164). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
  • Boxall, P., & Purcell, J. (2000). Strategic human resource management: where have we come from and where should we be going? International Journal of Management Reviews, 2(2), 183-203.
  • Bloomberg New Energy Finance. (2011). Global trends in renewable energy investment 2011. Frankfurt School.
  • Berry, M. A., & Rondinelli, D. A. (1998). Proactive corporate environmental management: a new industrial. Academy of Management Executive, 12(2), 38-50.
  • Berry, J. K., & Gordon, J. C. (1993). Environmental leadership: developing effective skills and styles. Washington, D. C.: Island Press.
  • Berrone, P., & Gomez-Mejia, L. R. (2009). Environmental performance and executive compensation: an integrated agency-institutional perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 52(1), 103-126.
  • Bateman, T., & Crant, J. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: a measure and correlates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 103-118.
  • Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1990). The implications of transactional and transformational leadership for individual, team, and organizational development. Research in Organizational Change and Development, 4, 231-272.
  • Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations. New York: Free Press.
  • Barney, J., & Wright, P. M. (1998). On becoming a strategic partner: the role of human resources in gaining competitive advantage. Human Resource Management, 37(1), 31-46.
  • Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99-120.
  • Bansal, P., & Roth, K. (2000). Why companies go green: a model of ecological responsiveness. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4): 717-736.
  • Bansal, P., & Clelland, I. (2004). Talking trash: legitimacy, impression management, and unsystematic risk in the context of the natural environment. Academy of Management Journal, 47(1), 93-103.
  • Bansal, P. (2005). Evolving sustainably: a longitudinal study of corporate sustainable development. Strategic Management Journal, 26,197-218.
  • Banerjee, S. B. (1998). Corporate environmentalism: Perspectives from organizational learning. Management Learning, 29(2), 147-164.
  • Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Mdels. Academy of Marking Science, 16, 76-94.
  • Aragon-Correa, J. A., & Sharma, S. (2003). A contingent resource-based view of proactive corporate environmental strategy. Academy of Management Review, 28(1): 71-88.
  • APCO (2010). China’s 12th five-year plan: how it actually works and what’s in store for the next five years. APCO Worldwide, China.
  • Andersson, L. M., & Bateman, T. S. (2000). Individual Environmental Initiative: Championing natural environmental issues in U.S. business organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 548-570.
  • Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103 (3), 411-423.
  • Anderson, A. (1998). Cultivating the garden of eden: Environmental entrepreneuring. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 11(2), 135–144.
  • Allen, J. C., & Malin, S. (2008). Green entrepreneurship: a method for managing natural resources? Society and Natural Resources, 21, 828-844.
  • Albino, V., Balice, A., & Dangelico, R. M. (2009). Environmental strategies and green product development: an overview on sustainability-driven companies. Business Strategy and The Environment, 18, 83-96.
  • Aiken, L. S. & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple Regression: Testing and Interpreting Interactions. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • Aguilera-Caracuel, J., Aragon-Correa, J. A., Hurtado-Torres, N. E., & Rugman, A. M. (2012). The effects of institutional distance and headquarters’ financial performance on the generation of environmental standards in multinational companies. Journal of Business Ethics, 105, 461-474.
  • Yin, R. K. (1989). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Sage Publications.
  • Wright, P. M., Dunford, B. B., & Snell, S. A. (2001). Human resource and the resource based view of the firm. Journal of Management, 27, 701-721.
  • Wang, C. Y. P., Jaw, B. S., & Huang, C. Y. (2008). Towards a Cross-cultural Framework of Strategic International Human Resource Control: The Case of Taiwanese High-tech Subsidiaries in the USA. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(7), 1253-1277.
  • Ulrich, D., & Lake, D. (1991). Organizational capability: creating competitive advantage. Academy of Management Executive, 5(1), 77-92.
  • Teece, D. J. (2007). Explicating dynamic capabilities: the nature and micro-foundations of (sustainable) enterprise performance. Strategy Management Journal, 28, 1319-1350.
  • Taylor, D. W., & Walley, E. E. (2004). The green entrepreneur: Opportunist, maverick, or visionary? International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 1(1-2), 56-97.
  • Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20, 571-610.
  • Strand, R. (1983). A systems paradigm of organizational adaptations to the social environment. Academy of Management Review, 8(1), 90-96.
  • Stead, W., & Stead, J. (1996). Management for a smell planet: strategic decision making and the environment, 2nd edition. Sage Publication, CA.
  • Starik, M., & Rands, G. (1995). Weaving an integrated web: Multilevel and multisystem perspectives of ecologically sustainable organizations. Academy of Management Review, 20(4), 908-935.
  • Starik, M., & Marcus, A. A. (2000). Introduction to the special research forum on the management of organizations in the natural environment: a field emerging from multiple paths, with many challenges ahead. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 539-546.
  • Snell, S. A., Youndt, M. A., &Wright, P. M. (1996). Establishing a framework for research in strategic human resource management: Merging resource theory and organizational learning. In G. Ferris (Ed.), Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management (Vol. 14, pp. 61–90).
  • 来源:中山大学;作者:李孟修
    文懂论文-重复率修改第一品牌,http://www.szwox.com解决论文查重论文降重复,重复率高等各种论文难题的专家

    最新文章

    • 什么是学术不端行为
      什么是学术不端行为
      什么是学术不端行为 1992 年,由美国国家科学院、国家工程院和国家医学研究院组成的 22 位...
    • 论文降重复服务 1. 本网站及服务 szwox.com提供哪些服务? szwox.com是一个...

    联络我们

    QQ: 767326772
    文懂论文
    网站:http://www.szwox.com/
    E-mail: turuinit@foxmail.com

    我们的服务

    我们提供毕业论文、期刊论文、硕士论文、博士论文、会议论文格式排版,论文查重,重复率修改等服务。强大论文查重系统,一手老师资源,首创安全保密查重修改流程。充分保障客户论文查重安全以及修改后的品质,赢得了老师和同学们的信任和口碑。