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大脑决策机制之资料探勘研究

【中文摘要】:决策是人类适应环境的一种行为,存在于我们的生活中,从简单的赌博决策到相对複杂的投资决策,决策行为在人们的生活中日益重要。而近年来有越来越多研究大脑决策的相关文献,也累积了许多对大脑决策机制的了解,但是由于大脑的複杂性,有些研究的结果可能不尽然相同,甚至相互矛盾,导致后续学者在进行相关研究时候的困扰,因而无法建立正确的脑区与决策任务的关係连结。
因此,本研究的目的在建构一个资料探勘的系统,将目前现有的大脑决策相关文献进行彙整,并利用多层次关联分析来找寻脑区资料与决策任务之间的关联规则,包括风险,模糊,奖赏,信任等多项决策的任

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。本研究先找出100篇已发表文献中事件以及脑区的关係,并加以编码,将相关资料建置成系统网站,以验证所提出方法的可行性。
【英文摘要】:Decision making is a human activity that we perform all the time, from a simple game to a complex stock investment. It is the most important activity in human life. Recently, researchers have applied neuroscience methods to investigate how human brains make decisions. The research area is called decision neuroscience. Due to

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the complexity of the brain, however, research findings reported in literature are often inconsistent. Although the findings may be useful in some sense, inconsistent findings often lead to confusion. The inconclusive findings also make the research stream controversial, which indicates a need for aggregation.
One way to derive more informative conclusion from inconsistent findings is to conduct a meta-analysis on existing literature. In order to fill the gap, therefore, this study applies the technique of multi-level association rules to develop a data mining system for identifying brain association with different decision tasks, including risk, ambiguity, trust, rewards, and so on. We used published literature in neurodecision making to code our raw data and use the multi-level association rule technique to find the association between tasks and functional areas in human brain. A website for this purpose has been built and 100 coded articles are used to evaluate the identified brain associations. This system can help users better understand the relationship between brain areas and different decision tasks.
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  • 来源:中山大学;作者:陈韦亭
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