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基于阶层模组化之软体产品线架构与应用

【中文摘要】:软体产品线 (Software Product Line, SPL)与模组化的概念是现今软体产品重用不可或缺的知识。透过可重用的软体资产,经过不同的组合,来达成到各种的产品设计,以解决、满足各种资讯系统的需求。因此,为了发展此种可重用的系统,个案公司建置一个以模组化为基础的软体产品线平台来达到这样目标。虽然平台成功建置完成,却忽略掉详细的指导原则,导致在平台操作的过程中,无法有效去进行平台操作与需求分析。有鉴于此,本研究提出一个基于模组化的软体产品线架构的建构方法论,提供平台建置的方式、架构说明以及平台当中的资产描述,包括模组的定义、设计方式,还有系统组装的标準流程,希望藉

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此使得平台知识容易被推广与运用,并提升系统开发的效率。本研究採用设计科学研究法 (Design Science Research Methodology)来清楚说明方法论,并藉由个案公司的平台与系统开发案例,来验证本方法论的正确性与可行性。透过研究结果的评估,本研究所提出的方法,包含平台建置方法所规划出的平台架构,其中的功能大部分可以对应至个案平台的功能,而模组的定义与设计方式,可以有效的设计出个案系统的模组,最后的归纳系统组装流程,也能对应至个案系统的组装活动,这些都验证本研究方法的可行性与正确

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性。
【英文摘要】:Today, the concept of Software Product Line (SPL) and Modularity plays an important role in software reuse. SPL engineering is a software reuse paradigm that aims to develop a family of products with reduced time to market and improved software quality. Software designer relies on libraries of pre-built modules to assemble a finished product on specific platform. In order to create a collection of similar software systems from a shared set of software assets, a software provider constructs a platform based on Modularity in this research. The platform can be normally functioned, bu

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t detail instruction is still lacking. As a result, designers are not able to operate and analysis the user needs on the platform efficiently. This research proposes a methodology relies on Modularity and Software Product Line to provide how to constructs the platform and describes the design approach. Design Science Research Methodology is adopted in this research. In addition, the correctness and feasibility of the proposed methodology is validated by case study. According to the case study, this research comes out a method which describes the platform architecture of the system. It can conclude that the most functions of the system platform mentioned in this research can correspond to the real system’s function in this case study. The statement and the design method of the module can efficiently design individual module of the real system. Also, the module assembling method of the system can correspond to the assembling activity of the real system. As a result, the case study validate that the methodology is feasible and correct.
【参考文献】:

  • 中文参考文献
  • 吴仁和,《物件导向系统分析与设计—结合MDA与UML》,4thEdition,台北市:智胜文化,June 2012。
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  • 吴国维,「协助大规模软体再利用之软体生产线储存架构」,国立东华大学资讯工程学系硕士论文,July 2010。
  • 李俊瑩、廖峻锋、张景尧、李蔡彦,「以软体工厂理論快速开发研讨会管理系统」,TANet 2005研讨会议程,国立政治大学,台北,台湾,October 2005。
  • 国立台湾大学计算机及资讯网路中心,服务导向架构简介,June 2007,http://www.cc.ntu.edu.tw/chinese/epaper/20070620_1008.htm。
  • 张益嘉,「应用系统产生器:之架构与资讯系统塑模方法论」,国立中山大学资讯管理学系硕士论文,June 2002。
  • 陈恭,从亚马逊成功谈SOA 价值,叡扬科技,October 2013,http://www.gss.com.tw/index.php/focus/eis/133-eis72。
  • 黄智广,「增进SCORM平台伺服端素材利用之Java类别库设计与实作」,国立成功大学资讯工程学系硕士论文,July 2008。
  • 经济部工业局,03C1-服务业国际化-中冠资讯,May 2013,http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/external/ctlr?PRO=filepath.DownloadFile&f=policy&t=f&id=3105,[Retrieved2013/11]。
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  • IDC,2013年上半年台湾资讯科技服务市场营收达348亿元,数位时代,2013,http://www.bnext.com.tw/article/view/id/29971。
  • 经济部统计处,资讯服务业、专业技术服务业、租赁业统计调查,November 2013,http://dmz9.moea.gov.tw/gmweb/investigate/InvestigateEB.aspx,[Retrieved 2013/11]。
  • 缪维武,「使用开放原始码工具实作软体产品线方法」,国立交通大学管理学院(资讯管 理学程)硕士论文,June 2011。
  • IDC,2013年上半年台湾资讯科技服务市场营收达348亿元,数位时代,2013,http://www.bnext.com.tw/article/view/id/29971。
  • 英文参考文献
  • Andersson, H., Herzog, E., and Olvander, J., Experience from Model and Software Reuse in Aircraft Simulator Product Line Engineering, Information and Software Technology, Vol. 55, January 2013, pp. 595-606.
  • Andrés, C., Camacho, C., and Llana, L., A Formal Framework for Software Product Lines, Information and Software Technology, Vol. 55, January 2013, pp. 1925-1947.
  • Arsanjani, A., How to Identify, Specify, and Realize Services for Your SOA , http://cdn.ttgtmedia.com/searchWebServices/downloads/How_to_realize_services_for_SOA.pdf, [Retrieved 2014/04].
  • CarnegieMellon Software Engineering Institute, Software Product Lines, 2013, http://www.sei.cmu.edu/productlines/start/, [Retrieved 2013/11].
  • Crnkovic, I., Stafford, J., and Szyperski, C., Software Components Beyond Programming: From Routines to Services, IEEE Software, Vol. 28, No. 3, May 2011, pp. 22-26.
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  • Greenfield, J., Short, K., Cook, S., Kent, S., and Crupi, J., Software Factories: Assembling Applications with Patterns, Models, Frameworks, and Tools, International Conference on Generative Programming and Component Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, October 24-28, 2004.
  • Käkölä, T., and Leitner, A., Introduction to Software Product Lines: Engineering, Service, and Management Minitrack, Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, United States, March 1530-1605, 2013.
  • McGregor, and John D., Production Planning in a Software Product Line Organization, International Conference on Software Product Lines, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 13-17, 2010.
  • Peffers, K.,Tuuanen, T., Rothenberger, M. A., and Chatterjee, S., A Design Science Research Methodology for Information Systems Research, Journal of Management Information system, Vol. 24, No. 3, Winter 2007-8, pp. 45-78
  • Pohl, K., Böckle, G., Linden, and Frank J, L., Software Product Line Engineering: Foundations, Principles and Techniques, New York, United States: Springer, 2005.
  • Rabisera, R., O’Learyb, P., and Richardsonc, I., Key Activities for Product Derivation in Software Product Lines, The Journal of Systems and Software , Vol. 84, February 2011, pp. 285-300.
  • 来源:中山大学;作者:黄圣乙
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