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探讨组精简下留任者之职涯需求与承诺、健康之关係-以职涯适应性为调节变数

【中文摘要】:台湾近15 年来人口趋势不断的下滑,少子化冲击高教体系运作;特别在部份南部与东部私立技职院校,已面临招生不足导致营运困难,此情况下,招生不足学校以精简策略作为因应,精简决策冲击组织也同时影响个人承诺与健康,当中组织的留任者,对组织运作与组织成功有直接影响。因此,本文以组织精简的留任者为研究对象,探讨组织精简,留任者的职涯需求,对职涯承诺、专业承诺、与健康之间的关係,并以Isabella (1989)提出的职涯需求评估模式,包含绩效需求、进阶需求、与成长及安全需求,探讨对职涯需求与职涯承诺、专业承诺、与健康的关係。此外,职涯适应性可作为调节变数,可观察对上述的关係是否有调节效果。在选择17 个样本学校的留任老师为对象,共发出560 份问卷

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,回收351份问卷,回收率62.63%。以AMOS 18.0 与SPSS 18.0 为统计工具作效度检测与阶层迴归分析。本文研究发现职涯需求对于职涯承诺、专业承诺、与健康三者间有显着正向关係,其中职涯需求与专业承诺,有最高正相关。在个别职涯需求之绩效需求与专业承诺有最高的显着正相关。此外,探讨职涯适应性对职涯需求与专业承诺、健康之间关係之调节效果;职涯适应性对于职涯需求与专业承诺、健康之间关係,有显着正相关的调节效果。职涯适应性对个别职涯需求之三大类需求与健康有显着正向调节效果;其中,留任者的职涯适应性对于绩效需求与健康之间调节效果最为显着。这些研究发现可

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填补过去较少量化结果的缺口与研究较少辨识职涯需求与留任者的承诺与健康之间的关係,而个人适应性对这些关係的调节效果是本文的发现。
【英文摘要】:In the last 15 years, Taiwanese newborn population had demonstrated a decreasing trend, which brought a major impact on the higher education system. Inefficient operation emerged in private-sector schools that some schools in southern and eastern Taiwan cannot recruit sufficient students from the current shrinking market. Some private schools adopted downsizing as a measurement. In a downsizing, survivors were still directly to organizational success and their perceptions. The research aimed surviving teachers to explore the relationships between career needs and career commitment (CC), professional commitment (PC), and health. Also, the relationships between three categories of career needs and performance-related needs, advancement-related needs, and growth- security-related needs were included. In addition, career adaptability (CA) characterized as personal traits of different levels of adjustment for environment change as a moderator was to observe if CA has moderate effects on the relationships. A survey method was designed questionnaire for higher educational schools undertaken a downsizing and surviving teachers as the objects. From the selected 17 schools, the research distributed 560 questionnaires and returned 351 responding questionnaires which had a return rate of 62.63%. Collected questionnaires were enacted by Hierarchical Regression Analysis (HRA) as instruments with SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 to process the data. The results found career needs have the significant relationships with CC, PC, and health. Of these relationships, career needs had the most significantly correlation with PC. In first-order, the main relationship was found performance-related needs had the highest correlation with PC. In addition, CA had the moderate effects on the relationships between career needs and PC and health. The highest relationships between three subscale categories of career needs of perfor

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mance-related needs and health had a positive effect by CA moderator. The findings were different from past qualitative research and filled a gap of past research lack of identifying the main relationships between career needs and commitments, and using CA as a moderator has the effects on the main relationships are the research findings.
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  • 25th
  • 4.Web-site
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来源:中山大学;作者:庄建富
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