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管理学院研究生睡眠品质及其影响之研究

【中文摘要】:睡眠(Sleep)在近年来出现在管理学研究领域中的频率增

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加了,原本研究睡眠不足(sleep deficiency)等等议题,大部分以医疗以及心理学的领域为主,由此作为本篇论文研究管理学院研究生睡眠品质及其影响之动机。
  本篇论文的目的主要是分析、衡量一个人的生活状况(Life Conditions)以及他们睡眠品质(sleep quality)之间的关係,下去判断是否会对他们的生理、心理造成任何影响。生活状况主要涵盖工作、学习和家庭的状况;而睡眠品质的变数则是考虑了每晚的平均睡眠时间、平时睡眠以及清醒时间长度、午睡时间、睡眠中断频率、进入睡眠所需要的时间和睡眠时间的一致性;而生

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理与心里的状态,是以自觉的健康、压力、专注度、满意度、耐心和脾气作为变项。
  本研究以问卷调查的方式进行,问卷样本主要为中山大学MBA、IBMBA以及EMBA的学生,这群学生中的工作、学习、家庭状况变异範围很广,以此进行採样,可以使其成果更加显着。
  此研究主要是使用横断面分析(cross-sectional analysis),以SPSS作为分析工具,利用ANOVA、T检定、相关性迴归下去分析数据。由结果可之,生活状况和睡眠品质确实是具有相关性的,然而,影响的程度仍是跟其余变数有相关性。而大部份生活状况变数和睡眠品质变数至少具有1~5个关连性,而从中判定工作其实对睡眠品质产生很大的影响。另外,睡眠品质变数与生理、心理影响的主要和平时睡眠时间、平时起床时间和睡眠时间一致性相关,受影响最多的生、心理状况为健康、专注力以及压力,而其余像是乐观、耐心、脾气以及工作满意度,和睡眠品质关连性皆为不显着。
【英文摘要】:Studies regarding sleep are emerging with increasing frequency among the managerial field. The effects on are still only partially understood and most of the current research being conducted is in the medical and psychological field.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze and gauge the relationship between an individual’s lifestyle conditions and their sleep quality, and to determine whether this has any effect on their mental and physical state. The life style conditions taken into consideration are the person’s work, study and family conditions. The sleep quality variables considered are their average sleep per night, usual sleep and wake time, nap time, frequency of sleep interruptions, time it takes to fall asleep and sleep time consistency. The mental and physical state are in terms of their perceived level of health, stress, focus, satisfaction, patience and temper.
The proposed study uses questionnaires handed to graduate students at the National Sun Yat Sen Universtiy from MBA, IBMBA and EMBA students. These students were sampled due to their work, study and family conditio

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ns having a larger range of variability, which would allow for a better understanding of significant differences in outcomes.
The study conducts a cross-sectional analysis of the sample and uses SPSS to perform ANOVA, T-Test, Correlation and Regression analysis on the collected responses. Results showed that life style conditions and sleep quality are indeed related; however, the degree of impact depends on the variable. Most of the lifestyle variables were indeed related to at least one to five sleep quality variables. It seems that work has the largest impact on ones sleep quality, compared to study and family conditions, which contained the largest number of variables with no relationship with any sleep quality variable. The sleep quality variables that had the most effect on ones mental and physical state included usual sleep time, usual wake up time and sleep time consistency. The mental and physical variables most affected include health, focus, and stress. The mental and physical variables that were not significantly affected by any of the sleep quality variables included optimism, patience, temper and job satisfaction.
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  • 来源:中山大学;作者:陈怡民
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