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探究企业实习生的学习经验-以「拜耳卓越领航实习计画」为例

【中文摘要】:本篇研究以第四届拜耳卓越领航实习计画的为个案背景,採用叙说探究法分析四位受访实习生进入企业实习中的实习经验,以期望理解受访实习生进入企业实习究竟学习到什幺,在过程当中又如何进行学习,而这些学习又带给受访实习生哪些转变与影响。研究者透过实作社群学习观,辅以开创理论观点,与研究文本相互对话,深入探讨在企业实习的脉络环境下,了解受访实习生如何透过实作产生学习及应用,更进一步探究受访实习生的实习生活经验。

以下为本研究四项研究发现:
1. 受访实习生透过实作,使过去所学的知识疆界与实务疆界相遇而产生学习,进而恍然大悟地学习知识,并且体会到原有的知识疆域範围及限制。
2. 受访实习生在自身多重身分中,调和出一个可以生活在拜耳实习环境中的身分。在学习调和多重身分并体认与认同「我是谁」之后,自然产生当责感。
3. 受访实习生在进入拜耳实习或执行专案前,会由个体以外的资讯管道接收到对自己具有意义的讯息,将此视为承诺,并且对企业实习产生想像。在实习生活实作使得想像与承诺碰撞而学习,进而产生认同的差异。
4. 受访

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实习生经由个人实作获得预期所学,但对于个人贡

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献最大的收穫却是来自群体实作。透过群体实作让受访实习生有所习得,也就是认识新的自己。
【英文摘要】:This research uses the approach of narrative inquiry to analyze the internship experience of the four interns, based on Taiwan Bayer 4th Outstanding Pathfinder Program (O.P.P.). This research dedicates to explore what did the four interns learn, how did they learn, and how did they be influenced by the learning in their life of internship. By communicating the stories of the four interns with the viewpoint of Communities of Practice and Entrepreneuring Theory, researcher tries to figure out how did the four interns learn and make use of acquisition by the way of practice in this program. Furthermore, researcher deeply explore their internship experiences.

Following are the findings of this research:
1. The intern suddenly realized and gained the knowledge through boundary-encounter what he/she learned before having internship with what he/she learned in practical circle, then knew his/her ability is not available in practical circle.
2. The intern has multimembership in his/her own life. It is necessary to rec

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oncile one identity to maintain in the community of internship. After the work of reconciliation, the intern would know “who I am”, and spontaneously performs Accountability.
3. Before participating the internship or doing project, the intern would receive some messages about this program or project which is meaningful to him/her. He /She would take it as commitment then construct imagination. Different identities would come from encounter imagination with reality.
4. The intern could get what he/she aspect to acquire through the way of individual practice in internship experience. However, “know new me”, the greatest contribution to the intern, only came from group practice.
【参考文献】:

  • 中文文献
  • 1. 蔡敦浩、利尚仁、林韶怡(2008)。创业研究的新趋向-叙说探究的应用。中山管理评论,16(2),321-350。
  • 2. Matthew B.Crawford着;林茂昌 译(2010)。摩托车修理店的未来工作哲学。台北市:大块文化。
  • 3. 台湾拜耳股份有限公司。取自:http://bayer.com.tw/tc/homepage.asp。
  • 4. 台湾拜耳卓越领航计画专页(2011)。取自:http://www.bayerpharma.com.tw/scripts/pages/zh/bayer_opp/index.php
  • http://www.bayerpharma.com.tw/scripts/pages/en/career_development.php。
  • 5. 蔡敦浩、王慧兰、刘育忠(2011)。叙说探究的第一堂课。台北市:鼎茂出版社。
  • 6. 林韶怡(2011)。拥抱创业者的生活世界:现象学取向下的创业研究。ISSN 1993-7504,创业管理研究2011年12月,6(4),35-60。
  • 7. 李庆芳(2013)。质化研究之经验叙说-质化研究的六个修练。新北市:高立图书有限公司。
  • 8. 林倖妃、邓凯元(2013)。学生,自主学习才快乐。天下杂誌536期。取自:http://www.cw.com.tw/article/article.action;jsessionid=B3B3A44B3902BDB5AEBEEC1899097C65.node102?id=5054160。
  • 英文文献
  •  1. Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of Practice: Learning, meaning and identity, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  •  2. David M. Boje & John T. Luhman & Donald E. Baack (1999) Hegemonic Stories and Encounters Between Storytelling Organizations, Journal of Management Inquiry, 8(4), 340-360.
  •  3. Monica Lingdern & Nils Wahlin (1999) Identity construction among boundary-crossing individual, Scadinavian Journal of Management, 17, 357-377.
  •  4. Jason Cope & Gerald Watts (2000) Learning by doing. An exploration of experience, critical incidents and reflection in entrepreneurial learning, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 6(3), 104-124.
  •  5. Anders W. Johansson (2004) Narrating the Entrepreneur. International Small Business Journal, 22(3), 273-293.
  •  6. Duguid, P. (2005) The Art of Knowing: Social and Tacit Dimensions of Knowledge and the Limits of the Community of Practice, The Information Society: An International Journal, 21(2), 109-118.
  • 来源:中山大学;作者:李昭仪
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